Despite their name, bedbugs have no sense of territory. They don’t always remain hidden away in the bed, or even in the bedroom. They are tiny, opportunistic creatures that migrate easily in luggage, purses, and clothes to anywhere they can find a food source. And that food source is you.
If you suspect that your couch or favorite upholstered chair has hidden secrets, you should take immediate action to sleuth out the problematic insects and get rid of them. If you find bedbugs, be prepared to repeat the eradication steps several times until your home is bedbug-free.
How Do I Know If I Have Bedbugs in the Couch?
If you have noticed itchy welts on your skin, especially on your back or the backs of your legs, or little specks of blood on your clothes or upholstery fabrics, then you probably have a bedbug infestation. The only way to know for sure is to do a thorough inspection.
Since bedbugs are tiny with the adult insects only being about the size of an apple seed and juvenile bedbugs even smaller, they can be very hard to see. So you’ll need some tools at the ready to do a good inspection:
- Rubber gloves
- An old credit card or thin piece of sturdy plastic
- Double-sided tape
- Magnifying glass
Now that you have all the tools gathered together, wrap the credit card with the double-sided tape. This will help you reach tight spaces like seams and capture any bedbug evidence.
If you have a slipcover on the furniture, remove it and inspect it for bedbug activity. If you suspect a problem, place the slipcover in a heavy plastic bag to prevent spreading the insects to other pieces. Remove every cushion and inspect each piece. Look at every seam, edge, and zipper using the sticky credit card and a flashlight. Bag the cushions if you see bedbug activity.
Move to the crevices along the frame of the couch or chair and turn it over so you can check underneath. Bedbugs tend to hide in dark spots and only come out to feed when humans are present.
Signs of a Bedbug Infestation
If you see any of these signs, you have bedbugs, and treatment will be needed to get rid of the infestation.
- Bedbugs: Adult bedbugs are oval, flat, and a reddish-brown. If they have recently fed on human blood, they will be rounded. Recently hatched bedbugs or nymphs are almost translucent and very small and hard to see.
- Bedbug eggs: Eggs are milky white and smaller than a grain of rice. You’ll find them in dark crevices and cracks where they can remain undisturbed until they hatch.
- Dried Blood: If you see specks of fresh or dried blood on fabrics, this is a possible indication that bedbugs have been active and feeding.
- Insect skins: Bedbugs shed their skins or exoskeleton at least five times as they move through the stages of maturity. The shed skins look almost identical to a live bed bug, except the exoskeleton will be more translucent in appearance and will not be moving.
- Excrement: Bedbug excrement or waste appears as black spots or thin black streaks.1
Wash, Suction, and Steam
If you confirm an infestation, it’s time to take action. Gather anything that is washable and toss it in the washer. A trip through the washer using hot water and then a tumble dry on high heat will kill all bed bug types.
For items that cannot go in the washer, vacuum every surface and crevice including the underside. Use a vacuum with as much suction as possible and preferably one with a HEPA filter to capture as much residue as possible. Empty the bag or cup frequently into a heavy plastic bag that can be sealed and disposed of outside the home.
After vacuuming each cushion and the frame of the furniture, there are several options to help ensure that you’ve captured every bedbug. Cushions can be put in a large, sealable plastic bag and placed in direct sunlight until the temperature inside reaches 120 degrees Fahrenheit. The heat will kill all bedbug stages.